PHP – Form Complete

 

PHP – Keep The Values in The Form

 

To show the values in the input fields after the user hits the submit button, we add a little PHP script inside the value attribute of the following input fields: name, email, and website. In the comment textarea field, we put the script between the <textarea> and </textarea> tags. The little script outputs the value of the $name, $email, $website, and $comment variables.

Then, we also need to show which radio button that was checked. For this, we must manipulate the checked attribute (not the value attribute for radio buttons):

 

Name: <input type=”text” name=”name” value=”<?php echo $name;?>”>

E-mail: <input type=”text” name=”email” value=”<?php echo $email;?>”>

Website: <input type=”text” name=”website” value=”<?php echo $website;?>”>

Comment: <textarea name=”comment” rows=”5″ cols=”40″><?php echo $comment;?></textarea>

Gender:
<input type=”radio” name=”gender”
<?php if (isset($gender) && $gender==”female”) echo “checked”;?>
value=”female”>Female
<input type=”radio” name=”gender”
<?php if (isset($gender) && $gender==”male”) echo “checked”;?>
value=”male”>Male
<input type=”radio” name=”gender”
<?php if (isset($gender) && $gender==”other”) echo “checked”;?>
value=”other”>Other

 

PHP – Complete Form Example

 

Here is the complete code for the PHP Form Validation Example:

 

Example

 

<!DOCTYPE HTML>
<html>
<head>
<style>
.error {color: #FF0000;}
.textbox {height:20px; width:250px;}
</style>
</head>
<body>

<?php
// define variables and set to empty values
$nameErr = $emailErr = $genderErr = $websiteErr = “”;
$name = $email = $gender = $comment = $website = “”;

if ($_SERVER[“REQUEST_METHOD”] == “POST”) {
if (empty($_POST[“name”])) {
$nameErr = “Name is required”;
} else {
$name = test_input($_POST[“name”]);
// check if name only contains letters and whitespace
if (!preg_match(“/^[a-zA-Z ]*$/”,$name)) {
$nameErr = “Only letters and white space allowed”;
}
}

if (empty($_POST[“email”])) {
$emailErr = “Email is required”;
} else {
$email = test_input($_POST[“email”]);
// check if e-mail address is well-formed
if (!filter_var($email, FILTER_VALIDATE_EMAIL)) {
$emailErr = “Invalid email format”;
}
}

if (empty($_POST[“website”])) {
$website = “”;
} else {
$website = test_input($_POST[“website”]);
// check if URL address syntax is valid (this regular expression also allows dashes in the URL)
if (!preg_match(“/\b(?:(?:https?|ftp):\/\/|www\.)[-a-z0-9+&@#\/%?=~_|!:,.;]*[-a-z0-9+&@#\/%=~_|]/i”,$website)) {
$websiteErr = “Invalid URL”;
}
}

if (empty($_POST[“comment”])) {
$comment = “”;
} else {
$comment = test_input($_POST[“comment”]);
}

if (empty($_POST[“gender”])) {
$genderErr = “Gender is required”;
} else {
$gender = test_input($_POST[“gender”]);
}
}

function test_input($data) {
$data = trim($data);
$data = stripslashes($data);
$data = htmlspecialchars($data);
return $data;
}
?>

<h2>PHP Form Validation Example</h2>
<p><span class=”error”>* required field</span></p>
<form method=”post” action=”<?php echo htmlspecialchars($_SERVER[“PHP_SELF”]);?>”>
Name: <input type=”text” name=”name” class=”textbox” value=” <?php echo $name;?>”>
<span class=”error”>* <?php echo $nameErr;?></span>
<br><br>
E-mail: <input type=”text” name=”email” class=”textbox” value=”<?php echo $email;?>”>
<span class=”error”>* <?php echo $emailErr;?></span>
<br><br>
Website: <input type=”text” name=”website” class=”textbox” value=”<?php echo $website;?>”>
<span class=”error”><?php echo $websiteErr;?></span>
<br><br>
Comment: <textarea name=”comment” rows=”5″ cols=”40″><?php echo $comment;?></textarea>
<br><br>
Gender:
<input type=”radio” name=”gender” <?php if (isset($gender) && $gender==”female”) echo “checked”;?> value=”female”>Female
<input type=”radio” name=”gender” <?php if (isset($gender) && $gender==”male”) echo “checked”;?> value=”male”>Male
<input type=”radio” name=”gender” <?php if (isset($gender) && $gender==”other”) echo “checked”;?> value=”other”>Other
<span class=”error”>* <?php echo $genderErr;?></span>
<br><br>
<input type=”submit” name=”submit” value=”Submit”>
</form>

<?php
echo “<h2>Your Input:</h2>”;
echo $name;
echo “<br>”;
echo $email;
echo “<br>”;
echo $website;
echo “<br>”;
echo $comment;
echo “<br>”;
echo $gender;
?>

</body>
</html>

 

Output