PHP – Form URL/Email

 

PHP – Validate Name

 

The code below shows a simple way to check if the name field only contains letters and whitespace. If the value of the name field is not valid, then store an error message:

$name = test_input($_POST[“name”]);
if (!preg_match(“/^[a-zA-Z ]*$/”,$name)) {
$nameErr = “Only letters and white space allowed”;
}

The preg_match() function searches a string for pattern, returning true if the pattern exists, and false otherwise.

 

PHP – Validate E-mail

 

The easiest and safest way to check whether an email address is well-formed is to use PHP’s filter_var() function.

In the code below, if the e-mail address is not well-formed, then store an error message:

$email = test_input($_POST[“email”]);
if (!filter_var($email, FILTER_VALIDATE_EMAIL)) {
$emailErr = “Invalid email format”;
}

 

PHP – Validate URL

 

The code below shows a way to check if a URL address syntax is valid (this regular expression also allows dashes in the URL). If the URL address syntax is not valid, then store an error message:

$website = test_input($_POST[“website”]);
if (!preg_match(“/\b(?:(?:https?|ftp):\/\/|www\.)[-a-z0-9+&@#\/%?=~_|!:,.;]*[-a-z0-9+&@#\/%=~_|]/i”,$website)) {
$websiteErr = “Invalid URL”;
}

 

PHP – Validate Name, E-mail, and URL

 

Now, the script looks like this:

 

Example

 

<!DOCTYPE HTML>
<html>
<head>
<style>
.error {color: #FF0000;}
.textbox {height:20px; width:250px;}
</style>
</head>
<body>

<?php
// define variables and set to empty values
$nameErr = $emailErr = $genderErr = $websiteErr = “”;
$name = $email = $gender = $comment = $website = “”;

if ($_SERVER[“REQUEST_METHOD”] == “POST”) {
if (empty($_POST[“name”])) {
$nameErr = “Name is required”;
} else {
$name = test_input($_POST[“name”]);
// check if name only contains letters and whitespace
if (!preg_match(“/^[a-zA-Z ]*$/”,$name)) {
$nameErr = “Only letters and white space allowed”;
}
}

if (empty($_POST[“email”])) {
$emailErr = “Email is required”;
} else {
$email = test_input($_POST[“email”]);
// check if e-mail address is well-formed
if (!filter_var($email, FILTER_VALIDATE_EMAIL)) {
$emailErr = “Invalid email format”;
}
}

if (empty($_POST[“website”])) {
$website = “”;
} else {
$website = test_input($_POST[“website”]);
// check if URL address syntax is valid
if (!preg_match(“/\b(?:(?:https?|ftp):\/\/|www\.)[-a-z0-9+&@#\/%?=~_|!:,.;]*[-a-z0-9+&@#\/%=~_|]/i”,$website)) {
$websiteErr = “Invalid URL”;
}
}

if (empty($_POST[“comment”])) {
$comment = “”;
} else {
$comment = test_input($_POST[“comment”]);
}

if (empty($_POST[“gender”])) {
$genderErr = “Gender is required”;
} else {
$gender = test_input($_POST[“gender”]);
}
}

function test_input($data) {
$data = trim($data);
$data = stripslashes($data);
$data = htmlspecialchars($data);
return $data;
}
?>

<h2>PHP Form Validation Example</h2>
<p><span class=”error”>* required field</span></p>
<form method=”post” action=”<?php echo htmlspecialchars($_SERVER[“PHP_SELF”]);?>”>
Name: <input type=”text” name=”name” class=”textbox”>
<span class=”error”>* <?php echo $nameErr;?></span>
<br><br>
E-mail: <input type=”text” name=”email” class=”textbox”>
<span class=”error”>* <?php echo $emailErr;?></span>
<br><br>
Website: <input type=”text” name=”website” class=”textbox”>
<span class=”error”><?php echo $websiteErr;?></span>
<br><br>
Comment: <textarea name=”comment” rows=”5″ cols=”40″></textarea>
<br><br>
Gender:
<input type=”radio” name=”gender” value=”female”>Female
<input type=”radio” name=”gender” value=”male”>Male
<input type=”radio” name=”gender” value=”other”>Other
<span class=”error”>* <?php echo $genderErr;?></span>
<br><br>
<input type=”submit” name=”submit” value=”Submit”>
</form>

<?php
echo “<h2>Your Input:</h2>”;
echo $name;
echo “<br>”;
echo $email;
echo “<br>”;
echo $website;
echo “<br>”;
echo $comment;
echo “<br>”;
echo $gender;
?>

</body>
</html>

 

Output

 

 

The form is rejected because of the improper name, email and website formats.

 

When all the input fields are entered as per the generally accepted regulations, the form shall be accepted with no issues.